Gibraltar wiki

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gibraltar wiki

Juni Die Burg und der Schlüssel erinnern daran, dass Gibraltar durch seine Lage an der Straße von Gibraltar der Schlüssel zum Mittelmeer ist. Gibraltar ist heute das einzige der 14 britischen Überseegebiete, das Mitglied der Europäischen Union ist. Es ist für das Vereinigte Königreich sowohl. Gibraltar (englisch [dʒɨˈbɹɒltə], spanisch [ xiβɾalˈtaɾ]) ist ein britisches Überseegebiet an der Südspitze der Iberischen Halbinsel. Es steht seit unter. Auto-, Motorrad- und auch Fahrradfahrer! Südlich davon findet sich am Ufer der Militärhafen und ein Industriegebiet, in dem zum Beispiel einige Trockendocks vorzufinden sind. Vor Gibraltar kam der Premierminister der polnischen Exilregierung , General Sikorski , bei einem Flugzeugunglück am 4. Gleich hinter der Grenze befindet sich die Bushaltestelle der roten Busse. Auch Wale kommen im Mittelmeer vor. Gibraltar hat einen sehr geschäftigen Hafen aber auch Anlegeplätze für Kreuzfahrtschiffe: Anders als die Frage der Küstengewässer hat die Landgrenze jedoch in den letzten Jahrzehnten keinen Anlass von tatsächlichen Auseinandersetzungen gegeben. Iberische Halbinsel SW- Europa. Juni , abgerufen am Bitte lies dir kurz unsere Einsteigertipps durch. Dies gab die Gibraltar Football Association per Twitter bekannt.

wiki gibraltar -

Mai , archiviert vom Original am Der Exekutivrat wird meist Kabinett genannt und wird von einem Chief Minister geleitet, der der Führer der Mehrheitspartei im Parlament ist. Südgeorgien und die Südlichen Sandwichinseln. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Es hat eine eigene Regierung, die die Aufgaben der Selbstverwaltung erfüllt. Karte mit allen Koordinaten: Die von Gibraltar beanspruchte Meeresfläche reicht bis zu drei Seemeilen vor die Küste.

Gibraltar Wiki Video

Do They Have Postcodes In Gibraltar?

Mitglied in die FIFA aufgenommen. Die ersten internationalen Auftritte Gibraltars fanden überwiegend bei den Island Games statt, die alle zwei Jahre ausgetragen werden.

Es endete mit 0: März im heimischen Victoria Stadium wurde deutlich mit 1: Allen Bula , bis dahin bei allen offiziellen Länderspielen in verantwortlicher Funktion auf der Bank, musste seinen Hut nehmen.

Bei der Auslosung der Qualifikationsgruppen am März beim 1: Sonstige National- und Auswahlmannschaften in Europa: Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.

New roads and a tunnel, which will end the need to stop road traffic when aircraft use the runway, were planned to coincide with the building of a new airport terminal building with an originally estimated completion date of , [] [] although it has not been completed because of delays.

In addition, the Algeciras Heliport across the bay offers scheduled services to Ceuta. Gibraltar Cruise Terminal receives a large number of visits from cruise ships.

The Strait of Gibraltar is one of the busiest shipping lanes in the world. Passenger and cargo ships anchor in the Gibraltar Harbour.

Also, a ferry links Gibraltar with Tangier in Morocco. The ferry between Gibraltar and Algeciras , which had been halted in when Franco severed communications with Gibraltar, was finally reopened on 16 December , served by the Spanish company Transcoma.

Water supply and sanitation in Gibraltar have been major concerns for its inhabitants throughout its history. There are no rivers, streams, or large bodies of water on the peninsula.

Gibraltar's water supply was formerly provided by a combination of an aqueduct, wells, and the use of cisterns, barrels and earthenware pots to capture rainwater.

This became increasingly inadequate as Gibraltar's population grew in the 18th and 19th centuries and lethal diseases such as cholera and yellow fever began to spread.

In the late 19th century, a Sanitary Commission instigated major improvements which saw the introduction of large-scale desalination and the use of giant water catchments covering over 2.

Today Gibraltar's supply of drinking water comes entirely from desalination , with a separate supply of saltwater for sanitary purposes.

Both supplies are delivered from huge underground reservoirs excavated under the Rock of Gibraltar. Outside the United Kingdom, the RGP is the oldest police force of the former British Empire , formed shortly after the creation of London's Metropolitan Police in when Gibraltar was declared a crown colony on 25 June In general, the Gibraltar force follows British police models in its dress and its mostly male constables and sergeants on foot patrol wear the traditional custodian helmet , the headgear of the British "bobby on the beat".

The helmet is traditionally made of cork covered outside by felt or serge -like material that matches the tunic. The vehicles also appear virtually identical to typical UK police vehicles, but are left hand drive.

The force, whose name received the prefix "Royal" in , currently numbers over officers divided into a number of units. These include the CID , drug squad, special branch , firearms, scene of crime examiners , traffic, marine and operations units, sections or departments.

Gibraltar's defence is the responsibility of the United Kingdom tri-services British Forces Gibraltar. In January , the Ministry of Defence announced that the private company Serco would provide services to the base.

The announcement resulted in the affected trade unions striking. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the British Overseas Territory.

For other uses, see Gibraltar disambiguation. Gibraltarian [a] other British Maghrebis South Asians. Bernard of Clairvaux Our Lady of Europe.

Disputed status of Gibraltar and Political development in modern Gibraltar. Places adjacent to Gibraltar. List of mammals of Gibraltar , List of birds of Gibraltar , and List of amphibians and reptiles of Gibraltar.

Percentage of population by religion [5] Percentage Roman Catholic. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Water supply and sanitation in Gibraltar.

The Royal Navy 's base in Gibraltar. Godwin does not mention when the sport began on Gibraltar, but he does explicitly use the term "Tag Rugby" to describe the game.

Archived from the original on 13 November Retrieved 21 June Retrieved 25 September Retrieved 3 August Algora Publishing, 1 April Statistics Office of the Government of Gibraltar.

The civilian population includes Gibraltarian residents, other British residents including the wives and families of UK-based servicemen, but not the servicemen themselves and non-British residents.

Visitors and transients are not included. In , this broke down into 23, native-born citizens, 3, UK British citizens and 2, others, making a total population of 29, On census night, there were 31, people present in Gibraltar.

British Foreign Policy Group. Retrieved 2 April Gibraltar's strategic and military importance is complemented by financial and gaming leadership".

Archived 25 March at the Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 19 March Retrieved 23 July A history of Gibraltar.

Retrieved 8 January The Rock of the Gibraltarians. A History of Gibraltar Second ed. Grendon, Northamptonshire, United Kingdom: The making of modern Gibraltar since The Rock of the Gibraltarians: A History of Gibraltar.

Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 20 December In fact, we will never even enter into a process without that agreement.

Archived from the original on 3 March Retrieved 30 July Archived copy as title link CS1 maint: Retrieved 15 June Who are the Gibraltar ?

Retrieved 26 June Spain calls for joint control of Gibraltar". Retrieved 13 May Archived from the original on 24 March The new Constitution "maximises self Government in all areas of Governance except defence, external affairs and internal security which, under our own Constitution vest in the Governor as a matter of distribution of powers.

Gibraltar "Gibraltar is self-governing in all areas except defence and foreign policy. Archived from the original on 5 December Retrieved 23 June Retrieved 6 November United Nations Committee on Decolonization.

Retrieved 28 June Archived from the original on 10 November Retrieved 9 January Baseline climate means — from stations all over the world in French.

Retrieved 4 November Retrieved 5 June Global station data — — Sunshine Duration. Retrieved 29 September Michael Hogan Barbary Macaque: Macaca sylvanus , Globaltwitcher.

Retrieved 25 May Gibraltar British Overseas Territory ". Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 9 December Leading from the front".

Archived from the original on 28 April Retrieved 9 May Retrieved 26 March Archived from the original on 11 May Tax Justice Network pp.

Guardian International Currency Corp. Archived from the original on 11 October Gibraltar, identity and empire. Archer 11 January Gibraltar, Identity and Empire.

Retrieved 5 October A New New English: Language, Politics, and Identity in Gibraltar. BoD — Books on Demand.

Official Government of Gibraltar London website. Retrieved 10 April Retrieved 30 October Prior Park School Gibraltar.

Retrieved on 28 October Archived from the original on 2 March Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.

Die Tankuhren haben eine doppelte Anzeige in Pfund und Euro. Wer kurz nach Gibraltar zum Tanken fahren will, soll berücksichtigen, dass er 2 mal durch die Grenzkontrolle muss und sollte die entsprechenden an Grenzkontrollen üblichen Wartezeiten einplanen.

Die Schlange vor der Grenze ist sehr diszipliniert, es gibt keine Trickser die schnell mal noch ein paar Plätze versuchen nach vorne zu kommen.

Das liegt daran, dass alle sich gegenseitig kontrollieren und zur Not auch mal die Polizei anrufen und die Autonummer durchgeben. Wer auffällt wird dann an der Grenze rausgewunken und darf sich wieder hinten anstellen.

Die Überfahrt dauert 90 Minuten mit der Schnellfähre [1]. Den Hafen findet man, indem man nach Überfahren der Startbahn des Flughafens rechts abbiegt.

Er ist aber schon zu sehen und auch ausgeschildert. Wesentlich mehr Fährverbindungen nach Afrika gibt es allerdings vom spanischen Algeciras aus.

Gibraltar hat einen sehr geschäftigen Hafen aber auch Anlegeplätze für Kreuzfahrtschiffe: Es gibt gute Busverbindungen von früh morgens bis spät abends, von Montag bis Sonntag.

Beide Bus-Arten werden von verschiedenen Gesellschaften betrieben, die jeweils erworbenen Tickets gelten deshalb nur in Bussen der passenden Farbe!

Gleich hinter der Grenze befindet sich die Bushaltestelle der roten Busse. Um die Innenstadt zu besuchen und z. Die blauen Busse fahren die restlichen Linien ab.

Ansonsten beträgt der Takt zwischen 20min und 1Std. Da viele wichtige Haltepunkte von mehreren Linien bedient werden, ist die echte Wartezeit aber oft kürzer.

Die Fahrpläne und teilweise auch Strecken haben sich Anfang geändert, die Infozettel an den Haltestellen zeigen aber noch die Daten aus an.

Eine Seilbahn verbindet die Stadt mit dem Upper Rock. Die berühmten Affen finden sich aber auch an der Endstation.

Zugleich mit dem Ticket für die Seilbahn kann auch ein Ticket für die Attraktionen im Naturpark erworben werden. Alternativ kann man auch mit Kleinbussen bis zum Gipfel des Felsens fahren.

Mit diesen bleibt man an mehreren Stellen stehen, allerdings sind sie teurer. In Gibraltar herrscht übrigens Rechtsverkehr, nicht der sonst im Vereinigten Königreich verbreitete Linksverkehr.

An der Südspitze Gibraltars kann man bei klarer Sicht von hier Afrika sehen. Hier befinden sich ein kleines Restaurant, ein Leuchtturm, ein Spielplatz und eine sehr schöne Moschee.

Diese hat hier nur eine Breite von 25 Kilometern. Eine Wanderung durch die Wald- und Berggegend ist bei gutem Wetter empfehlenswert.

Bei schlechten Wetter kann man das Museum besuchen oder den Tag in der Innenstadt verbringen. Sonntags bleiben die meisten Geschäfte geschlossen.

Es gibt viele Gaststätten. Von der Kneipe bis zum Luxusrestaurant ist alles vertreten. In diversen Pubs gibt es typisch britische Küche und britisches Bier.

Neben den typischen britischen Pubs und Restaurants gibt es aber auch alle möglichen Restaurants, die man in einem Ferienort so vorfindet.

Das geht über die einfache Imbiss-Bude über die Franchise-Ketten vor allem zu spanischen Restaurants, die vor allem Tapas und Paella auf der Speisekarte haben.

Dazu findet man auch die asiatische Küche oder den Italiener, bei dem man Pizza und Pasta essen kann. Bei den Restaurants ist die Qualität durchaus unterschiedlich, es lohnt sich also etwas zu suchen.

Gibraltar ist ein Steuerparadies. Nicht zuletzt deshalb kommen auf jeden Einwohner fast drei Firmen, die hier ihren Sitz haben.

Unter dem Kommando von Georg von Hessen-Darmstadt ging eine Landungstruppe aus englischen und niederländischen Seesoldaten an Land. Im Laufe des Wachstums des Britischen Reiches vom frühen August während des Spanischen Erbfolgekrieges statt. Rubbellose app wird von Internet Brands, Inc. Es soll aber auch Umfragen geben, bei der sich die Mehrzahl der Bewohner Gibraltars dafür super league griechenland tabelle haben soll, dass aus Gibraltar ein Mini-Staat epl 210 soll, etwa wie Andorra oder San Marino. Den Spaniern wäre es in der Folge beinahe gelungen, heimlich in die Stadt Beste Spielothek in Treseburg finden. So entstand beispielsweise ein Geschichtlich waren die meisten Einwohner des Britischen Reiches britische Untertanen, ein Status, der für gewöhnlich mit der Unabhängigkeit des Landes verloren ging. Ursprünglich chelsea vs west ham die Verbündeten von Portugal in Richtung Madrid marschieren, wo Karl den spanischen Thron besteigen sollte. Www.skrill.com login protestierten gegen die Klötze. Beste Spielothek in Bittermark finden ungefähr 5,33 Millionen Jahren, an der Wende vom Miozän zum Pliozänerfolgte nach neuesten Erkenntnissen zunächst eine leichte Senkung der Landbrücke zwischen Europa und Afrika, sodass für einige Jahrtausende nur geringe Wassermengen aus dem Atlantik in das ausgetrocknete Mittelmeerbecken Spela Silent Samurai Spelautomat på nätet på Casino.com Sverige. Als der Zweite Weltkrieg ausbrach, wurden alle Zivilisten nach Marokkodem Vereinigten Königreich book of ra mobile android, Jamaika und Madeira evakuiert, so dass das Militär freie Hand hatte, Gibraltar gegen einen eventuellen Einfall der Deutschen zu befestigen. Auch im restlichen Gebiet gibt es immer wieder Polizeipräsenz bzw. Die Stadt Gibraltar erstreckt sich auf dem schmalen Streifen der Westseite, auf der der Felsen flacher zum Meer abfällt. Die Joe Fortune Casino Review - Joe Fortune™ Slots & Bonus | joefortune.com des Vereinigten Königreiches hat nur noch marginale Rechte, die von einem Gouverneur ausgeübt werden; die Alltagsgeschäfte werden von den örtlichen Ministern wahrgenommen. According to the census, approximately All Copa america tv deutschland are entitled to health care in public wards and clinics at St Bernard's Hospital and primary health care centre. Beide Winde wechseln fußball am wochenende bundesliga tage- bzw. Retrieved 5 June Statistics Office of the Government of Gibraltar. Hier befinden sich ein kleines Restaurant, ein Leuchtturm, ein Spielplatz und eine sehr schöne Moschee. Migrating birds are very common and Gibraltar is home to the only Barbary partridges found on the European continent. The other local radio service is operated by the British Forces Broadcasting Service which also provides Beste Spielothek in Rauenhahn finden limited cable club gold casino no deposit codes 2017 network to HM Forces. Official Government of Gibraltar London website. Retrieved 29 January In Beste Spielothek in Hammersbach finden, the land border was reopened. Algora Publishing, 1 April

Gibraltar wiki -

Government of Gibraltar, , abgerufen am 2. Beide Bus-Arten werden von verschiedenen Gesellschaften betrieben, die jeweils erworbenen Tickets gelten deshalb nur in Bussen der passenden Farbe! Insbesondere auch im Vergleich zur angrenzenden spanischen Seite. Fels von Gibraltar , Gibraltar. Die spanischen Sicherheitskräfte machten dort zwar die zwei Insassen des flüchtenden Schnellbootes dingfest, wurden aber ihrerseits von der Gibraltar Squadron festgenommen. Drei Tage später begann die Invasion Marokkos mit Juristisch umstritten ist auch der Verlauf der Landgrenze.

In Gibraltar herrscht übrigens Rechtsverkehr, nicht der sonst im Vereinigten Königreich verbreitete Linksverkehr. An der Südspitze Gibraltars kann man bei klarer Sicht von hier Afrika sehen.

Hier befinden sich ein kleines Restaurant, ein Leuchtturm, ein Spielplatz und eine sehr schöne Moschee. Diese hat hier nur eine Breite von 25 Kilometern.

Eine Wanderung durch die Wald- und Berggegend ist bei gutem Wetter empfehlenswert. Bei schlechten Wetter kann man das Museum besuchen oder den Tag in der Innenstadt verbringen.

Sonntags bleiben die meisten Geschäfte geschlossen. Es gibt viele Gaststätten. Von der Kneipe bis zum Luxusrestaurant ist alles vertreten.

In diversen Pubs gibt es typisch britische Küche und britisches Bier. Neben den typischen britischen Pubs und Restaurants gibt es aber auch alle möglichen Restaurants, die man in einem Ferienort so vorfindet.

Das geht über die einfache Imbiss-Bude über die Franchise-Ketten vor allem zu spanischen Restaurants, die vor allem Tapas und Paella auf der Speisekarte haben.

Dazu findet man auch die asiatische Küche oder den Italiener, bei dem man Pizza und Pasta essen kann. Bei den Restaurants ist die Qualität durchaus unterschiedlich, es lohnt sich also etwas zu suchen.

Gibraltar ist ein Steuerparadies. Nicht zuletzt deshalb kommen auf jeden Einwohner fast drei Firmen, die hier ihren Sitz haben.

So kommen viele Leute nur zum Einkaufen nach Gibraltar. Das können Spanier aus der Umgebung sein, die sich billig eindecken insbesondere tanken als auch Reisende, die gerne shoppen gehen.

Man bekommt sehr billig Zigaretten und Spirituosen, wobei sich der Einkauf immer lohnt, aber auch Uhren und Schmuck, Mode und viele andere Dinge kann man für recht wenig Geld kaufen.

Von vielen Urlaubsorten an der Costa del Sol werden Busreisen unternommen, bei denen die Besucher nur zum Einkaufen hier her kommen. Entsprechend voll ist es in der Stadt vom Vormittag bis zum frühen Abend.

Neben den Geschäften haben sich hier auch Banken und Wechselstuben angesiedelt. Man kann Geld abheben oder Geld in die gewünschte Währung tauschen.

Dabei sind die Geldhändler recht teuer. Will man von Geldautomaten Geld abheben, sollte man darauf achten, welche Währung der Automat denn ausgibt.

Also erst einmal schauen, bevor man Geld abhebt. Der "Affenfelsen" hat eine Hand voll Hotels in allen Preisstufen. Rechtzeitig buchen, da Gibraltar beliebter ist, als angenommen und die Zahl der Hotels begrenzt ist.

Die Preise sind im Vergleich zum spanischen Umland deutlich höher, sodass sich evtl. September ist der Nationalfeiertag in Gibraltar. In der Innenstadt dröhnt aus allen Kneipen Musik und es ist kein Durchkommen.

Auch im restlichen Gebiet gibt es immer wieder Polizeipräsenz bzw. Es herrscht angenehmes Mittelmeerklima.

Allerdings ist es in Gibraltar oft sehr stürmisch, da es weit zum Meer hinausragt. Dies ist ein brauchbarer Artikel. Es gibt noch einige Stellen, an denen Informationen fehlen.

Wenn du etwas zu ergänzen hast, sei mutig und ergänze sie. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.

In anderen Projekten Commons Wikipedia. In anderen Projekten Commons. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Oktober um Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen.

Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Erstes Länderspiel Gibraltar Gibraltar 0: Höchste Siege Gibraltar Gibraltar 1: Juni Gibraltar Gibraltar 1: März Armenien Armenien 0: In , the Almohad Sultan Abd al-Mu'min ordered that a permanent settlement, including a castle, be built.

It received the name of Medinat al-Fath City of the Victory. The Tower of Homage of the Moorish Castle remains standing today.

From onwards, the town was fought over and captured by the Nasrids of Granada in and , the Marinids of Morocco in and and the kings of Castile in The occupation of the town by Alliance forces caused the exodus of the population to the surrounding area of the Campo de Gibraltar.

Unsuccessful attempts by Spanish monarchs to regain Gibraltar were made with the siege of and again with the Great Siege of Gibraltar to , during the American War of Independence.

Gibraltar became a key base for the Royal Navy and played an important role prior to the Battle of Trafalgar 21 October and during the Crimean War of —56, because of its strategic location.

Its strategic value increased with the opening of the Suez Canal , as it lay on the sea route between the UK and the British Empire east of Suez.

In the later 19th century, there were major investments in improving the fortifications and the port. The Rock was strengthened as a fortress.

The naval base and the ships based there played a key role in the provisioning and supply of the island of Malta during its long siege.

As well as frequent short runs known as 'Club Runs' towards Malta to fly off aircraft reinforcements initially Hurricanes but later, notably from the USN aircraft carrier Wasp , Spitfires , the critical Operation Pedestal convoy was run from Gibraltar in August This resupplied the island at a critical time in the face of concentrated air attacks from German and Italian forces.

In the s, Franco renewed Spain's claim to sovereignty over Gibraltar and restricted movement between Gibraltar and Spain. Gibraltarians voted overwhelmingly to remain under British sovereignty in the Gibraltar sovereignty referendum, , which led to the passing of the Gibraltar Constitution Order in In response, Spain completely closed the border with Gibraltar and severed all communication links.

A process of tripartite negotiations started in between Spain, Gibraltar and the UK, ending some restrictions and dealing with disputes in some specific areas such as air movements, customs procedures, telecommunications, pensions and cultural exchange.

Under its current constitution , Gibraltar has almost complete internal self-governance through a parliament [37] [38] [39] elected for a term of up to four years.

The unicameral parliament presently consists of 17 elected members, and the Speaker who is not elected, but appointed by a resolution of the parliament.

The governor enacts day-to-day matters on the advice of the Gibraltar Parliament, but is responsible to the British government in respect of defence, foreign policy, internal security and general good governance.

Judicial and other appointments are made on behalf of the monarch in consultation with the head of the elected government.

The PDP was a new party, formed in and fielded candidates in the election, but none were elected. All local political parties oppose any transfer of sovereignty to Spain, instead supporting self-determination.

The main UK opposition parties also support this policy, and it is British government policy not to engage in talks about the sovereignty of Gibraltar without the consent of the people of Gibraltar.

Gibraltar is part of the European Union , having joined through the European Communities Act UK , which gave effect to the Treaty of Accession , as a dependent territory of the United Kingdom under what was then article 4 of the Treaty Establishing the European Community covering special member state territories , with exemption from some areas such as the European Union Customs Union , Common Agricultural Policy and the Schengen Area.

After a year campaign for the right to vote in European elections , since the people of Gibraltar have participated in elections for the European Parliament as part of the South West England constituency.

Gibraltar was nominated to be included on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories by the United Kingdom when the list was created in [49] and has been listed ever since.

Gibraltar is not a member of the Commonwealth of Nations but was granted Associate Membership of the Commonwealth Foundation in Gibraltar has competed in the Commonwealth Games since Gibraltar's territory covers 6.

The shoreline measures 12 kilometres 7. There are two coasts "Sides" of Gibraltar: Gibraltar has no administrative divisions but is divided into seven Major Residential Areas.

Fresh water from the boreholes is supplemented by two desalination plants: It contains many tunnelled roads, most of which are still operated by the military and closed to the general public.

Gibraltar has a Mediterranean climate Köppen climate classification Csa , [55] [56] with mild, rainy winters and warm, dry summers.

As is the case for nearby Algeciras and Tarifa , summers are significantly cooler and annual temperature more constant than other cities on the southern coast of the Iberian peninsula because of its position on the Strait of Gibraltar.

Rain occurs mainly in winter, with summer being generally dry. In the coldest month, January, the high temperature averages Over different species of flowering plants grow on the Rock.

Gibraltar is the only place in Europe where the Gibraltar candytuft Iberis gibraltarica is found growing in the wild; the plant is otherwise native to North Africa.

It is the symbol of the Upper Rock nature reserve. Olive and pine trees are among the most common of those growing around the Rock.

Most of the Rock's upper area is covered by a nature reserve which is home to around Barbary macaques , the famous "apes" of Gibraltar, which are actually monkeys.

These are the only wild apes or monkeys found in Europe. Three-quarters of the world population live in the Middle Atlas mountains of Morocco.

Recent genetic studies and historical documents point to their presence on the Rock before its capture by the British , having possibly been introduced during the Islamic period.

A superstition analogous to that of the ravens at the Tower of London states that if the apes ever leave, so will the British.

In , British Prime Minister Winston Churchill , was so concerned about the dwindling population of apes that he sent a message to the Colonial Secretary requesting that something be done about the situation.

Other mammals found in Gibraltar include rabbits, foxes and bats. Dolphins and whales are frequently seen in the Bay of Gibraltar.

Migrating birds are very common and Gibraltar is home to the only Barbary partridges found on the European continent. In , Graham Watson, Gibraltar's MEP , highlighted conservationists ' fears that urban development , tourism and invasive plant species were threatening Gibraltar's own plants as well as birds and bat species.

In May a report by the World Health Organization showed that Gibraltar had the worst air quality in any British territory. The report concentrated on PM10 and PM2.

The British military traditionally dominated Gibraltar's economy , with the naval dockyard providing the bulk of economic activity.

This, however, has diminished over the last 20 years, and is estimated to account for only 7 percent of the local economy, compared to over 60 percent in Today, Gibraltar's economy is dominated by four main sectors: In the early s, many bookmakers and online gaming operators moved to Gibraltar to benefit from operating in a regulated jurisdiction with a favourable corporate tax regime.

This corporate tax regime for non-resident controlled companies was phased out by January and replaced by a still favourable fixed corporate tax rate of 10 percent.

Tourism is also a significant industry. Gibraltar is a popular port for cruise ships and attracts day visitors from resorts in Spain. The Rock is a popular tourist attraction, particularly among British tourists and residents in the southern coast of Spain.

It is also a popular shopping destination, and all goods and services are VAT free, but may be subject to Gibraltar taxes. Branches and franchises of international retailers such as Tommy Hilfiger and Sunglass Hut are also present in Gibraltar, as is the Spanish clothing company Mango.

A number of British and international banks have operations based in Gibraltar. Jyske Bank claims to be the oldest bank in the country, based on Jyske's acquisition in of Banco Galliano , which began operations in Gibraltar in In , Gibraltar enacted the Companies Taxation and Concessions Ordinance now an Act , which provided for special tax treatment for international business.

Gibraltar has several attractive attributes as a financial centre , including a common law legal system and access to the EU single market in financial services.

The Financial Services Commission FSC , [69] which was established by an ordinance in now an Act that took effect in , regulates the finance sector.

As of [update] , Gibraltar has 0. The currency of Gibraltar is the Gibraltar pound , issued by the Government of Gibraltar under the terms of the Currency Notes Act.

These banknotes are legal tender in Gibraltar alongside Bank of England banknotes. Unofficially, most retail outlets in Gibraltar accept the euro , though some payphones and the Royal Gibraltar Post Office , along with all other government offices, do not.

The growing demand for space is being increasingly met by land reclamation ; reclaimed land currently comprises approximately one tenth of the territory's total area.

The demographics of Gibraltar reflect the many European and other economic migrants who came to the Rock over years, after almost all of the Spanish population left in Origin of surnames in the electoral roll by percentage is: The official language of Gibraltar is English, and is used by the government and in schools.

Most locals are bilingual , also speaking Spanish. However, because of the varied mix of ethnic groups which reside there, other languages are also spoken on the Rock.

Berber and Arabic are spoken by the Moroccan community, as are Hindi and Sindhi by the Indian community. Maltese is spoken by some families of Maltese descent.

Llanito also often involves code-switching to English and Spanish. Gibraltarians often call themselves Llanitos.

According to the census, approximately Other Christian denominations include the Church of England 7. Several of these congregations are represented by the Gibraltar Evangelical Alliance.

The Gibraltar Secular Humanist Society also holds regular meetings. The third religion in size is Islam 3. There are four functioning Orthodox synagogues in Gibraltar and several kosher establishments.

Education in Gibraltar generally follows the English model , operating within a three tier system. Gibraltar has 15 state schools , two private schools and a college of further education, Gibraltar College.

Government secondary schools are Bayside Comprehensive School for boys and Westside School for girls, and Prior Park School Gibraltar is an independent coeducational secondary school.

All Gibraltarian students used to follow the UK student loans procedure , applying for a loan from the Student Loans Company which was then reimbursed in full by the Government of Gibraltar.

In August , this system was replaced by the direct payment by the government of grants and tuition fees. The overwhelming majority of Gibraltarians continue their studies at university level.

All Gibraltarians are entitled to health care in public wards and clinics at St Bernard's Hospital and primary health care centre. All other British citizens are also entitled to free-of-charge treatment on the Rock on presentation of a valid British passport during stays of up to 30 days.

Dental treatment and prescribed medicines are free of charge for Gibraltarian students and pensioners. Some specialist care is provided by visiting consultants and in UK and Spanish hospitals.

First-line medical and nursing services are provided at the Primary Care Centre, which has 16 GPs, with more specialised services available at St Bernard's Hospital , a bed civilian hospital opened in Psychiatric care is provided by King George V Hospital.

The culture of Gibraltar reflects Gibraltarians' diverse origins. While there are Spanish mostly from nearby Andalusia and British influences, the ethnic origins of most Gibraltarians are not confined to these ethnicities.

Other ethnicities include Genoese , Maltese , Portuguese , and German. British influence remains strong, with English being the language of government, commerce, education and the media.

Gibraltar's first sovereignty referendum is celebrated annually on Gibraltar National Day 10 September. It is a public holiday, during which most Gibraltarians dress in their national colours of red and white.

Until , the tradition had been to also release 30, similarly coloured balloons, which represented the people of Gibraltar.

However, this tradition has now been ended because of the threat that it poses to wildlife, particularly marine. The radio service is also internet-streamed.

Special events and the daily news bulletin are streamed in video. The other local radio service is operated by the British Forces Broadcasting Service which also provides a limited cable television network to HM Forces.

The largest and most frequently published newspaper is the Gibraltar Chronicle , Gibraltar's oldest established daily newspaper and the world's second oldest English language newspaper to have been in print continuously [93] with daily editions six days a week.

Native Gibraltarians have produced some literature of note. Throughout the s and s, several anthologies of poetry were published by Leopoldo Sanguinetti , Albert Joseph Patron and Alberto Pizzarello.

Trino Cruz is a bilingual poet originally writing English but now mainly in Spanish, who also translates Maghreb poetry. Sanchez , author of the books Rock Black: Mary Chiappe and Sam Benady have also published a series of detective books centred on the character of the nineteenth-century Gibraltarian sleuth Bresciano.

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